Yes, the changes in Europe were great after western Rome fell. There was no central government so government only existed on a local, regional level. One could argue that this contributed to the feudal system. Continue reading
Why were the Visigoths and Ostrogoths important to the history of the late Roman Empire?
The Visigoths had originally settled in Dacia and had been peaceful for a long time. When the Huns moved west the Visigoths begged Emperor Valens to be let into the empire. Valens let them in on the agreement that the Visigoths would protect the Danube border in exchange for food. When Valens reneged on the deal, the Visigoths fought the Romans at the battle of Adrianople in AD 378. Valens was killed and the Roman army was defeated. It shocked the world that a barbarian group could beat the Roman army. The Visigoths, under Alaric, moved westward into the Italian peninsula. They sacked Rome in AD 410 for three days before moving south. Their movements were motivated by food and a desire for a permanent home. Under Wallia, the Visigoths moved further west and eventually settled in the Iberian Peninsula. The Visigoths are important because they showed the weakness of the western empire and upset the Roman way of life. Continue reading
Question: Which pharaoh ruled Egypt during the Exodus, Thutmose III or Amenhotep II?
Taking the 1446 B.C. date as the time for the Exodus, Thutmose III has been a popular historical choice as the pharaoh of the Exodus. This belief has been widely accepted for years. The issue of the Exodus pharaoh does not arise from biblical records but rather from Egyptian ones, since the ancient Egyptians would often erase the names and dates of their predecessors. Recently, some of the Egyptian records have been re-examined and new evidence supports the belief that Amenhotep II (1450-1425 B.C.) was the real pharaoh of the Exodus. His timeline answers the questions previously posed by historians who were not satisfied with the Thutmose III choice. Continue reading
- Ancient priest’s tomb painting discovered near Great Pyramid at Giza
- Massive 5,000-year-old stone monument revealed in Israel
- Israeli archaeologist says he’s found citadel captured by King David
- Israeli archaeologists uncover 3,300-year-old coffin, gold signet
- 2,800-year-old zigzag art found in Greek tomb
- 2,100-year-old king’s mausoleum discovered in China
- 2,000-year-old trove of ancient coins found in Israel
- Untouched treasure, remains from South American empire discovered
- 8 things you may not know about Emperor Claudius
- King Richard III had scoliosis but was not a hunchback
- King Richard III will be reburied in Leicester
- The Blood Countess of Slovakia
- ‘Extraordinarily rare’ Crusade-era seal discovered in Jerusalem
- Blood in gourd ‘is not from beheaded Louis XVI’
- Scientists pry open 850-year-old coffin holding murdered king
- Spain begins search for remains of ‘Don Quixote’ author Miguel de Cervantes
- William Tyndale vs. William Shakespeare
- 7 Terrifying Historical Figures
- British files reveal secrets of WWII spies & traitors
Marcus, a Cyrene prince who was sold into slavery after being defeated in battle, and Diana, a Grecian princess who holds some power over Grecian politics, are two very unlikely allies. When Diana purchases Marcus from the slave market, she discovers who he is and promises to help him return to Cyrenaica. Roman officials searching for Marcus try to stop the two from fleeing, even to the extent of assassination.
A treacherous journey lies ahead as Marcus and Diana travel from Athens through Macedonia, Crete, and Egypt before finally arriving in Cyrenaica. Bandits, Roman legions, sea storms, and hidden pasts threaten them from all sides.
Preview and order Princely Chains by Hannah Steadman here.
Objectivists and relativists continually argue over the connection between history and value judgments. Every historian uses value judgments when writing history. Objectivists believe that historians can still present history as it really happened because they can explain facts and show the necessary or sufficient conditions despite value judgments. Relativists say that objectivity is impossible because historians impose a structure on the past through their own personalities and values.
Value-free judgment is desirable, but impossible because of selection, language, history itself, and historical documents. Every historian picks and chooses what he needs to tell his story, and normally he only picks what is important to himself. History is a reflection of values because human activity is value-charged. Moral value judgments are more present in history because historians use ordinary English to write history, and English does not have a specialized non-value-laden set of terms. English words carry value judgments because they are used in so many contexts. Even primary documents have value-laden language. Continue reading
Positivists offer many criticisms of historical narrative, and François Furet was the leading critic. First, Furet argued that narrative puts history into a sequence of events. Historians cannot discuss two simultaneous events when writing in the narrative, therefore historians construct history. Secondly, narrative is unscientific in focusing upon subject matters which it characteristically treats as unique. Furet argued that historians should write about classes of events like wars, revolutions, or famines. The purpose of such study would be to find a theoretical understanding of the material. Third, narrative historians are dependent on literary sources. Literary sources only contain the recollections of the original writers who were the elites of society because they were literate so historians have no concept of how the lower classes really lived. Fourth, narrative history is passive in the sense of not being problem-oriented, and history should be used to solve the problems of today. Lastly, narratives are always geared towards a final result because they are written like novels. Sometimes historians even look into details that seem to have no significance at all, and they come up with some great secondary meaning that does not really exist. Continue reading
Philosophy is derived from the mind of man while Christianity comes from the mind of God. Although faith is different than reason, Christians have the most rightly guided reason because of faith. History is the entirety of written events that have occurred in connection with the life of mankind on earth as overseen by God. I believe that history is linear with repeating patterns, but every Christian must develop a philosophy of history regarding the impact of time, social studies, and man’s actions.
Historians have debated the philosophy of time for centuries, including the classical cyclical, medieval linear, and combination views. Ancient Greek historians and philosophers held to a cyclical view of time which logically denied that history had purpose or importance, and they did not believe that events in the past affected the present. The Greeks contributed significantly to historical thinking because their cyclical view sorted truth from falsehood. The accomplishments of the Greek historians provided a model for all future written histories. Continue reading
Early Greek history only valued the past in the sense that it used the heroic stories of the past to inspire the present. Greek historians only wrote about what was Greek, and they held a cyclical view of history so their stories tend to be timeless.
Homer had a real appreciation for history, but he thought history was just telling and praising the deeds of the past. He wrote the first histories in his Iliad and Odyssey, but in reality these were a collection of very old stories about the gods and heroic humans. His stories had no real impact on the present or future since early Greeks believed in a cyclical view of history. Homer does offer a value and importance for history by discussing morality in his works. Continue reading
G. A. Henty’s books were favorites of mine growing up. With the innovation of eBooks, most of his 122 works are now available for free. Below is a compiled list with hyperlinks to the free books. My personal favorites are Beric the Briton and Wulf the Saxon. Enjoy!
- A Final Reckoning: A Tale of Bush Life in Australia
- A Girl of the Commune: A Tale of Two Sieges of Paris (aka Woman of the Commune, Cuthbert Hartington, and Two Sieges of Paris)
- A Hidden Foe, Volume I and II
- A Jacobite Exile: Being the Adventures of a Young Englishman in the Service of Charles XII of Sweden
- A Knight of the White Cross: A Tale of the Siege of Rhodes
- A March on London: Being a Story of Wat Tyler’s Insurrection
- A Roving Commission: Through the Black Insurrection at Hayti
- A Search for a Secret, Volume I
- A Search for a Secret, Volume II
- A Search for a Secret, Volume III Continue reading